It amazes me travel related articles, perhaps in an effort to be politically correct, they would mention about a modern day touristic location and the "marvels" and "unusual habitat" they find, referring to them as: a "discovery". As it is in this case with Cappadocia. I had learned about it thru my Armenian history classes at Souren Khanamirian college in Beirut, Lebanon. The school incidentally was known prior to that as "Sourp Neshan". At the time I didn't show much interest to all those ancient amazing Armenian history, the constant invasions, about Urardu or Urartu, how to me it was interesting that during peaceful episodes, Armenians were always building, being creative. To me it was obvious I belonged to a creative nation. Every so often there was some sort of "invasion" and after a while those history lessons were becoming annoying. Here come the Mongols, Tartars, Seljuks, earthquakes, devastating and giving a very hard blow to the peaceful inhabitants.
This article started the curiosity to learn more than what was being presented at Travel and Leisure site: The article: There's an Entire Ancient City Hidden Underground in Turkey by By Jess McHugh on April 11, 2017. You may read it at:
I decided to add to this page a more comprehensive and clearer knowledge, than the vague "travel" article. If you are as interested as I am, in having a complete picture of in this case "Cappadocia" you might like to continue reading the various articles that are on the internet, to make more educated, rather than superficial brief reference to that location.
1. First, I checked Widipedia. Here is the introduction:
"Cappadocia (/kæpəˈdoʊʃə/; also Capadocia; Turkish: Kapadokya, Greek: Καππαδοκία Kappadokía, from Ancient Greek: Καππαδοκία, from Old Persian: Katpatuka) is a historical region in Central Anatolia, largely in the Nevşehir, Kayseri, Kırşehir, Aksaray, and Niğde Provinces in Turkey.
According to Herodotus, in the time of the Ionian Revolt (499 BC), the Cappadocians were reported as occupying a region from Mount Taurus to the vicinity of the Euxine (Black Sea). Cappadocia, in this sense, was bounded in the south by the chain of the Taurus Mountains that separate it from Cilicia, to the east by the upper Euphrates, to the north by Pontus, and to the west by Lycaonia and eastern Galatia. ..."
To read the complete reference, please proceed to: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cappadocia
2. Here is an authoritarian book "Armenian Kesaria/Kayseri and Cappadocia" published in 2013 and edited by Richard Hovannessian:
The review of the book: "...Quick Overview
From early antiquity, the Armenian people developed a rich and distinctive culture on the great Armenian highland plateau, extending from Asia Minor to the Caucasus. On that crossroad, they interacted on many levels with civilizations of the Orient and Occident. Immediately to the west of the Armenian highland and the Euphrates River lay Lesser Armenia with Sebastia at its center and Cappadocia with Mazaca, later known as Caesarea (Kesaria/Kayseri), at its center..."
To purchase the book and read the complete review, here is the link: http://www.mazdapublishers.com/book/armenian-kesaria-kayseri-and-cappadocia
3. They have more detailed information about the CAPPADOCIANS, ARMENIANS and GREEKS IN BYZANTINE EASTERN ASIA MINOR: AN ETHNOLINGUISTIC APPROACH
It has a map and starts with this introduction, I'm sure you would like to learn more: "...Map of Byzantine Asia Minor in 780 AD, with the classic regions in black letters. These regions must not be confused with the Byzantine themata (provinces) in red letters (map source: wikipedia)
By Periklis Deligiannis
In the 4th century BC, before the conquests of Alexander the Great, Asia Minor (or Anatolia) was a multiracial area inhabited by several peoples with different ethno-linguistic origins. The Lydians, Carians, Lycians and the natives of Pamphylia and Cilicia were of Luwian origins. The Lycaonians, the Pisidians and the Phrygians belonged to the Phrygian group of peoples. The regions of Ionia, Aeolis, Doris, Troas and the coasts of Pamphylia and Cilicia had Greek population (descended from the Mycenaean and Archaic Greek colonization and the Hellenization of the natives). The Mysians and Doliones were Proto-Thracian populations, while the neighboring Bithynians were a Thracian proper tribe. The Cappadocians of Cappadocia proper and the Western Pontos (see below) were speaking several “hybrid” Phrygian, Iranian, Luwian, Hurri-Urartian and Palaeo-Caucasian dialects like the neighboring Armenians did, but the mixed Irano-Phrygian ethnic character with a lead of the Phrygian element, tended to prevail in both mentioned peoples...."
4. This blogger represents Cappadocia -- Cities with Armenian Roots
With the introduction about their trip:
"...We began our trip to Western Armenia by arriving in the city of Kayseri at 8:50 a.m. We were met by our guide for the next two weeks - Marineh, and driver - Vartan. They drove for 2 days from Armenia to meet us. Loading our luggage and tired bodies into a comfortable 15 passenger van (no spare room for another body, by the way), we started our tour by driving around the city of Kayseri. Kayseri (historical Caeserea) had a significant population of Armenians before 1915, although most evidence of their existence has been eliminated by present day Turks..."
To read the complete article check out Adi's place at: http://www.adikrik.com/2009/06/cappadocia-cities-with-armenian-roots.html
5. Henzel, Judy from Clemson University, in "A Comparison and Contrast of the History of Christianity as it Developed in Cappadocia and Armenia during the First Five Centuries AD" (2007). All Theses. 255.
I will continue to update this page soon